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Located at the South-East corner of the Iberian Peninsula, between the regions of, Andalusia, Castile-La Mancha and Valencia, the Region of Murcia occupies an area of 11,317 km2 (2.2% of the total surface area of Spain), bordering the province of Albacete in the North, the province of Alicante in the East, the provinces of Granada, Albacete and Almería in the West, and the Mediterranean in the South-East.
A LITTLE BIT OF HISTORY
The territory which is today known as the Region of Murcia has been inhabited by man for over 1,500,000 years, and this human presence has been a constant factor in the development of the Murcian landscape since the remotest periods of prehistory. The first evidence of the presence of man dates back to the Neanderthal and Cromagnon periods, whilst archaeological finds become abundant from Neolithic times onwards. Iron age remains begin to speak of a certain level of progress leading to the development of agriculture and the domestication of livestock during the Iberian period and, later, intense commercial activity with the presence of Phoenecian, Greek and Carthaginian settlers in permanent conflict with the autoctonous peoples. Scipio's conquest of the city of Carthago Nova in 209 BC led to the definitive expansion of what had already become an important economic and political centre in the Mediterranean.SEE MORE
From the geographical point of view, the region of Murcia stands out because of its multiple contrasts: dry vs. irrigated land, plains vs. mountainous areas, coastline vs. interior, vineyards vs. mesetas, factors which can no doubt be attributed to its location in a transitional area between the Sub-Baetic mountain range and the northern Sub-Meseta. Morphologically, the relief of the territory of Murcia falls within the influence of the Baetic cordilleras and shows an alternation between mountainous tracts, valleys and depressions, leading to extreme contrasts of altitude over short distances. Of the total surface area, the majority (approx. 45%) is situated between the altitudes of 200 - 600 metres; 23% is less than 200 metres above sea level, and the remaining 32% lies at altitudes of over 600 metres.SEE MORE
The region of Murcia has the typical Mediterranean semi-arid subtropical climate: namely an average annual temperature of 18ºC, with hot summers (registering absolute maximum temperatures of 40ºC) and mild winters (an average temperature of 11ºC in the winter months of December and January).
The number of days per year with clear skies is 120-150, with approximately 2,800 sun-hours per annum. In general rain is scarce throughout the region (approx. 300-350 mm/year), falling mainly in the spring (April) and autumn (October), leaving the summer an eminently dry season.SEE MORE
According to the most recent census figures, corresponding to 1st January 2011, the region of Murcia has an official population of 1.470.069 inhabitants. Analysis of the demographic evolution of the region shows a constant increase in population throughout the twentieth century, though it is only after 1976 that the Region begins to register increases above the national average, due mainly to the inversion of earlier migratory tendencies which had converted Murcia into a region from which the population was emigrating in search of opportunities in other parts of Spain or even abroad.
Restaurants and bars
For breakfast (el desayuno) the normal timetable is between 08:00 and 10:00.
Lunch (el almuerzo or la comida) is served between 13:00 and 15:30.
Finally, dinner (la cena) is served between 20:30 and 23:00.
Some establishments are open continuously throughout the day.
Cinemas, theatres, concert halls, museums and exhibition rooms
Cinema programmes usually take place between 16:00 and 22:30. Theatres begin at about 20:00, and concerts are normally held between 20:00 and 23:00. Museums and exhibition halls have a similar timetable to commercial establishments but with the difference that they close on Mondays.
Pubs, discotheques and night bars
From Thursday to Sunday the pubs, discos and night bars stay open until 3 or 4 o'clock in the morning. In the larger towns and cities there are also discos which stay open until dawn.
Shops and commercial establishments
The shops and commercial establishments are usually open from Monday to Saturday between 09:30 and 13:30 and then from 16:30 to 20:30.
Department stores, hypermarkets and shopping centres open continuously from 10:00 to 21:30 or 22:00.
Some shops might open on Sundays and holidays if they are located in:
Águilas, Cartagena, Moratalla, Los Alcázares, San Javier and San Pedro del Pinatar.
La Azohía, Cabo de Palos, Isla Plana, La Manga del Mar Menor, La Manga Campo de Golf, El
Portús and rest of the Mar Menor coastal area.
El Berro (Alhama de Murcia).
Portmán (La Unión).
Puerto de Mazarrón y Bolnuevo.
Puntas de Calnegre (Lorca).
The shops of the Region of Murcia have the choice of opening to the public on the following Sundays and bank holidays of 2015:
- 4th January
- 11th January
- 2nd April
- 7th June
- 5th July
- 15th August
- 11th October
- 6th December
- 7th December
- 13th December
- 20th December
- 27th December
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